Permaculture as we know it was developed in the 1960s by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren.
The goal of permaculture was simple: create ways of farming which give back to the soil and ecosystems, using tools like no-till farming, companion planting and food forests. Over the last 50 years, it has been adopted by farmers and communities around the world.
So what would permaculture of the seas look like? While it hasn’t been fully articulated, many recent developments in ocean production and governance have strong parallels with the work permaculture practitioners have been doing for decades.